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User Authentication with IMAP, SMB, and FTP

You may configure additional user backends in Nextcloud’s configuration config/config.php using the following syntax:

<?php

"user_backends" => array (
    0 => array (
            "class"     => ...,
            "arguments" => array (
                              0 => ...
                              ),
    ),
),

Note

A non-blocking or correctly configured SELinux setup is needed for these backends to work. Please refer to the SELinux Configuration.

Currently the “External user support” (user_external) app, which you need to enable first (See Installing and Managing Apps) provides the following user backends:

IMAP

Provides authentication against IMAP servers

<?php

"user_backends" => array (
    0 => array (
            "class"     => "OC_User_IMAP",
            "arguments" => array (
                              0 => '{imap.gmail.com:993/imap/ssl}'
                              ),
    ),
),

SMB

Provides authentication against Samba servers

  • Class: OC_User_SMB
  • Arguments: the samba server to authenticate against
  • Dependency: PHP smbclient module or smbclient (see SMB/CIFS)
  • Example:
<?php

"user_backends" => array (
    0 => array (
            "class"     => "OC_User_SMB",
            "arguments" => array (
                              0 => 'localhost'
                              ),
    ),
),

FTP

Provides authentication against FTP servers

<?php

"user_backends" => array (
    0 => array (
            "class"     => "OC_User_FTP",
            "arguments" => array (
                              0 => 'localhost'
                              ),
    ),
),