External API

Introduction

The external API inside Nextcloud allows third party developers to access data provided by Nextcloud apps. Nextcloud follows the Open Collaboration Services specification.

Usage

Registering methods

Methods are registered inside the appinfo/routes.php by returning an array holding the endpoint meta data.

<?php

return [
  'ocs' => [
    // Apps
    ['name' => 'Bar#getFoo', 'url' => '/foobar', 'verb' => 'GET'],
  ],
];

Returning data

Once the API backend has matched your URL, your callable function as defined in BarController::getFoo will be executed. The AppFramework will make sure that send parameters are provided to the method based on its declaration.

Be sure to extend the OCP\AppFramework\OCSController from the AppFramework. Your functions then should returns a OCP\AppFramework\Http\DataResponse. The AppFramework will then take care formatting the response properly.

Exceptions

To throw an exception to the user in the OCS response. You can throw an OCP\AppFramework\OCS\OCSException. You can set the message and code.

There are 3 commonly used exceptions already available:

  • OCSBadRequestException
  • OCSForbiddenException
  • OCSNotFoundException

Authentication & basics

The requests to the OCS endpoint often have to be authenticated.

curl -u user:password https://example.com/ocs/v2.php/apps/yourapp/foobar

Output

The output defaults to XML. If you want to get JSON append this to the URL:

?format=json

Or set the proper Accept header:

Accept: application/json

Output from the application is wrapped inside a data element:

XML:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<ocs>
 <meta>
  <status>ok</status>
  <statuscode>100</statuscode>
  <message/>
 </meta>
 <data>
   <!-- data here -->
 </data>
</ocs>

JSON:

{
  "ocs": {
    "meta": {
      "status": "ok",
      "statuscode": 100,
      "message": null
    },
    "data": {
      // data here
    }
  }
}

Statuscodes

The statuscode can be any of the following numbers:

  • 100 - successful
  • 996 - server error
  • 997 - not authorized
  • 998 - not found
  • 999 - unknown error

Changing API and backwards compatibility

We aim to keep our API as stable as possible to avoid breaking third-party apps. Before an API is allowed to be removed, it should be marked as deprecated for at least 2 years (6 Nextcloud releases) before it gets removed.

Changing the API should be discussed in a github issue in our server repo. A pull request is most welcome.