Accedere ai file di Nextcloud usando WebDAV

Nextcloud fully supports the WebDAV protocol, and you can connect and synchronize with Nextcloud Files over WebDAV. In this chapter, you will learn how to connect Linux, macOS, Windows, and mobile devices to your Nextcloud server.

WebDAV stands for Distributed Authoring and Versioning. It is an HTTP extension that makes it easy to create, read, and edit files hosted on remote Web servers. With a WebDAV, client you can access your Nextcloud Files (including shares) on Linux, macOS and Windows in a similar way as any remote network share, and stay synchronized.

Before we get into configuring WebDAV, let’s take a quick look at the recommended way of connecting client devices to Nextcloud.

Official Nextcloud desktop and mobile clients

The recommended way to synchronize a computer with a Nextcloud server is by using the official Nextcloud sync clients. You can configure the client to save files in any local directory and you can choose which directories on the Nextcloud server to sync with. The client displays the current connection status and logs all activity, so you always know which remote files have been downloaded to your PC and you can verify that files created and updated on your local PC are properly synchronized with the server.

The recommended way to synchronize Android and Apple iOS devices is by using the official Nextcloud mobile apps.

To connect the official Nextcloud apps to a Nextcloud server use the same URL you use to access Nextcloud from your web browser - e.g.: (if Nextcloud is installed in a subdirectory)

Third-party WebDAV clients

If you prefer, you may also connect your computer to your Nextcloud server by using any third-party client that supports the WebDAV protocol (including what may be built into your operating system).

You can also use third-party WebDAV capable apps to connect your mobile device to Nextcloud.

When using third-party clients, keep in mind that they may not be optimized for use with Nextcloud or implement capabilities you consider important to your use case.

Mobile clients that Nextcloud community members have reported using include:

The URL to use when configuring third-party apps to connect to Nextcloud is a bit lengthier than the one for official clients: (if Nextcloud is installed in a subdirectory)


When using a third-party WebDAV client (including your operating system’s built-in client), you should use an application password for login rather than your regular password. In addition improved security, this increases performance significantly <>_. To configure an application password, log into the Nextcloud Web interface, click on the avatar in the top right and choose Personal settings. Then choose Security in the left sidebar and scroll to the very bottom. There you can create an app password (which can also be revoked in the future without changing your main user password).


In the following examples, you should replace with the URL of your Nextcloud server (omit the directory part if the installation is in the root of your domain), and USERNAME with the username of the connecting user.

Vedi l’URL di webdav (in basso a sinistra nelle impostazioni) nel tuo Nextcloud.

Accedere ai file usando Linux

Puoi accedere ai file nel sistema operativo Linux utilizzando i seguenti metodi.

Gestore file Nautilus

When you configure your Nextcloud account in the GNOME Control Center, your files will automatically be mounted by Nautilus as a WebDAV share, unless you deselect file access.

Puoi anche montare i tuoi file Nextcloud manualmente. Usa il protocollo davs:// per connettere il gestore file Nautilus alle tue risorse condivise Nextcloud:



Se la tua connessione al server non è protetta con HTTPS, usa dav:// invece che davs://:

Screenshot of configuring Nautilus file manager to use WebDAV


The same method works for other file managers that use GVFS, such as MATE’s Caja and Cinnamon’s Nemo.

Accedere ai file con KDE e il gestore file Dolphin

Per accedere ai tuoi file Nextcloud usando il gestore file Dolphin in KDE, usa il protocollo webdav://:

Screenshot of configuring Dolphin file manager to use WebDAV

Puoi creare un collegamento permanente al tuo server Nextcloud:

  1. Open Dolphin and click «Network» in the left-hand «Places» column.

  2. Fai clic sull’icona etichettata Aggiungi una cartella di rete. La seguente finestra di dialogo dovrebbe apparire con WebDAV già selezionato.

  3. Se WebDAV non è selezionato, selezionalo.

  4. Fai clic su Avanti.

  5. Inserisci le seguenti impostazioni:

    • Name: the name you want to see in the Places bookmark, for example, Nextcloud.

    • User: the Nextcloud username you used to log in, for example, admin.

    • Server: the Nextcloud domain name, for example, (without http:// before or directories afterwards).

    • Cartella – Inserisci il percorso nextcloud/remote.php/dav/files/NOMEUTENTE/.

  6. (Opzionale) Seleziona la casella di selezione «Crea icona» per visualizzare un segnalibro nella colonna Risorse.

  7. (Opzionale) Fornisci qualunque impostazione speciale o un certificato SSL nella casella «Porta e cifrato».

Creare montaggi WebDAV sulla riga di comando Linux.

Puoi creare il montaggio di WebDAV dalla riga di comando di Linux. Ciò è utile se preferisci accedere a Nextcloud come qualunque altro filesystem remoto montato. Il seguente esempio mostra come creare un montaggio personale e averlo montato automaticamente ogni qual volta accedi al tuo Linux computer.

  1. Installa il driver del filesystem davfs2 di WebDAV, che ti consente di montare le condivisioni WebDAV come ogni altro filesystem remoto. Usa questo comando per installarlo su Debian/Ubuntu:

    apt-get install davfs2
  2. Usa questo comando per installarlo su CentOS, Fedora, e openSUSE:

    yum install davfs2
  3. Aggiungi il tuo utente al gruppo davfs2:

    usermod -aG davfs2 <username>
  4. Then create a nextcloud directory in your home directory for the mount point, and .davfs2/ for your personal configuration file:

    mkdir ~/nextcloud
    mkdir ~/.davfs2
  5. Copia /etc/davfs2/secrets in ~/.davfs2:

    cp  /etc/davfs2/secrets ~/.davfs2/secrets
  6. Impostati come il proprietario e modifica i permessi di lettura-scrittura disponibili solo al proprietario.

    chown <linux_username>:<linux_username> ~/.davfs2/secrets
    chmod 600 ~/.davfs2/secrets
  7. Aggiungi le tue credenziali di accesso di Nextcloud alla fine del file secrets, usando l’URL del tuo server Nextcloud e il nome utente e la password di Nextcloud. <username> <password>
    $PathToMountPoint $USERNAME $PASSWORD
    for example
    /home/user/nextcloud john 1234
  8. Aggiungi le informazioni di montaggio a /etc/fstab: /home/<linux_username>/nextcloud davfs user,rw,auto 0 0
  9. Allora verifica che si monti e si autentichi eseguendo i seguenti comandi. Se l’hai impostato correttamente non avrai bisogno dei permessi di root.

    mount ~/nextcloud
  10. Dovresti essere in grado anche di smontarlo:

    umount ~/nextcloud

Ora, ogni volta che accederai al tuo sistema Linux, la tua condivisione di Nextcloud dovrebbe essere montata automaticamente tramite WebDAV nella tua cartella ~/nextcloud. Se preferisci montarla manualmente, cambia auto in noauto in «/etc/fstab.

Problemi noti


Risorsa temporaneamente non disponibile


Se riscontri problemi quando crei un file in una cartella, modifica /etc/davfs2/davfs2.conf e aggiungi:

use_locks 0


Avvisi relativi al certificato


Se utilizzi un certificato di sicurezza auto-firmato, avrai un avviso. Per modificarlo, devi configurare davfs2 in modo da riconoscere il tuo certificato. Copia miocertificato.pem in /etc/davfs2/certs/. Poi modifica /etc/davfs2/davfs2.conf ed elimina il commento della linea servercert. Ora aggiungi il percorso della tua certificazione come nell’esempio.

servercert /etc/davfs2/certs/mycertificate.pem

Accedere ai file usando macOS


The macOS Finder suffers from a series of implementation problems and should only be used if the Nextcloud server runs on Apache and mod_php, or Nginx 1.3.8+. Alternative macOS-compatible clients capable of accessing WebDAV shares include open source apps like Cyberduck (see instructions here) and Filezilla. Commercial clients include Mountain Duck, Forklift, Transmit, and Commander One.

Accedere ai file tramite macOS Finder:

  1. From the Finder’s top menu bar, choose Go > Connect to Server…:

    Screenshot dell'inserimento dell'indirizzo del tuo server Nextcloud su macOS
  2. When the Connect to Server… window opens, enter your Nextcloud server’s WebDAV address in the Server Address: field, i.e.:
    Screenshot: Enter Nextcloud server address in "Connect to Server…" dialog box
  3. Fai clic su Connetti. Il tuo server WebDAV dovrebbe apparire sul desktop come un’unità di disco condivisa.

Accedere ai file usando Microsoft Windows

If you use the native Windows implementation of WebDAV, you can map Nextcloud to a new drive using Windows Explorer. Mapping to a drive enables you to browse files stored on a Nextcloud server the way you would browse files stored in a mapped network drive.

L’utilizzo di questa funzionalità richiede una connessione alla rete. Se vuoi archiviati i tuoi file non in linea, usa il Client Desktop per sincronizzare i file nel tuo Nextcloud in una o più cartelle del tuo disco fisso locale.


Windows 10 now defaults to allow Basic Authentication if HTTPS is enabled before mapping your drive.

On older versions of Windows, you must permit the use of Basic Authentication in the Windows Registry:

  • launch regedit and navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\WebClient\Parameters.

  • Create or edit the BasicAuthLevel (Windows Vista, 7 and 8), or UseBasicAuth (Windows XP and Windows Server 2003), DWORD value and set its value data to 1 for SSL connections. A value of 0 means that Basic Authentication is disabled, and a value of 2 allows both SSL and non-SSL connections (not recommended).

  • Then exit Registry Editor, and restart the computer.

Associare drive con la riga di comando

Il seguente esempio mostra come associare un drive usando la riga di comando. Per associare il drive:

  1. Apri il prompt dei comandi su Windows.

  2. Digita la seguente riga nel prompt dei comandi per associare il drive Z del computer:

    net use Z: https://<drive_path>/remote.php/dav/files/USERNAME/ /user:youruser yourpassword

    with <drive_path> as the URL to your Nextcloud server. For example:

    net use Z: /user:youruser yourpassword

    Il computer associa i file del tuo account Nextcloud al drive con lettera Z.


If you get the following error System error 67 has occurred. The network name cannot be found., open the Services app and make sure that the WebClient service is running and started automatically at startup.


Though not recommended, you can also mount the Nextcloud server using HTTP, leaving the connection unencrypted.

If you plan to use HTTP connections on devices while in a public place, we strongly recommend using a VPN tunnel to provide the necessary security.

Una sintassi di comando alternativa è:

net use Z: \\\nextcloud\remote.php\dav /user:youruser

Associare i drive con Windows Explorer

To map a drive using Microsoft Windows Explorer:

  1. Apri Esplora risorse sul tuo computer MS Windows.

  2. Fai clic con il tasto destro sulla voce Computer e seleziona Associa drive di rete… dal menu a tendina.

  3. Scegli un drive di rete locale a cui vuoi associare Nextcloud.

  4. Specifica l’indirizzo della tua istanza Nextcloud, seguito da /remote.php/dav/files/NOMEUTENTE/.

    Ad esempio:


    For SSL-protected servers, check Reconnect at sign-in to ensure that the mapping is persistent upon subsequent reboots. If you want to connect to the Nextcloud server as a different user, check Connect using different credentials.

    Screenshot of mapping WebDAV on Windows Explorer
  1. Fai clic sul pulsante Fine.

Windows Explorer associa il drive di rete, rendendo disponibile la tua istanza Nextcloud.

Accedere ai file usando Cyberduck

Cyberduck is an open source FTP, SFTP, WebDAV, OpenStack Swift, and Amazon S3 browser designed for file transfers on macOS and Windows.


Questo esempio usa Cyberduck versione 4.2.1.

Per usare Cyberduck:

  1. Specify a server without any leading protocol information.

    For example:

  2. Specify the appropriate port.

    The port you choose depends on whether or not your Nextcloud server supports SSL. Cyberduck requires that you select a different connection type if you plan to use SSL.

    For example:
    • 80 for unencrypted WebDAV

    • 443 for secure WebDAV (HTTPS/SSL)

  3. Use the “More Options” drop-down menu to add the rest of your WebDAV URL into the “Path” field.

    For example: remote.php/dav/files/USERNAME/

Ora Cyberduck consente l’accesso ai file del server Nextcloud.

Accedere alle risorse pubbliche tramite WebDAV

Nextcloud provides the possibility to access public shares anonymously over WebDAV.

Per accedere alle risorse pubbliche, apri:

in a WebDAV client, use the share token as username and the (optional) share password as the password. For example, with a share link, kFy9Lek5sm928xP will be the username.


SettingsAdministrationSharingAllow users on this server to send shares to other servers. This option also allows WebDAV access to public shares and needs to be enabled to make this feature work, except if cURL is being used (see below).

Problemi noti


Windows non si connette usando HTTPS.

Soluzione 1

Il client WebDAV di Windows potrebbe non supportare il Server Name Indication (SNI) per le connessioni cifrate. Se ricevi un errore montando un’istanza di Nextcloud con protocollo SSL, contatta il tuo provider sull’assegnazione di un indirizzo IP dedicato al tuo server basato su SSL.

Soluzione 2

Il client WebDAV di Windows potrebbe non supportare le connessioni TLSv1.1 e TLSv1.2. Se hai limitato la configurazione del server per fornire solo TLSv1.1 e versioni successive, la connessione al tuo server potrebbe non riuscire. Fai riferimento alla documentazione WinHTTP per ulteriori informazioni.


Ricevi il seguente messaggio di errore: Errore 0x800700DF: La dimensione del file supera il limite consentito e non può essere salvato.


Windows limita la massima dimensione del file trasferito da o verso una condivisione WebDAV che potrebbe avere. Puoi aumentare il valore FileSizeLimitInBytes in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\WebClient\Parameters facendo clic su Modifica.

Per aumentare il limite al valore massimo di 4GB, seleziona Decimal, inserisci il valore 4294967295, e riavvia Windows o riavvia il servizio WebClient.


Adding a WebDAV drive on Windows via the above described steps does not display the correct size of in Nextcloud available space and instead shows the size of the C: drive with its available space.


Unfortunately is this a limitation of WebDAV itself, because it does not provide a way for the client to get the available free space from the server. Windows automatically falls back to show the size of the C: drive with its available space instead. So unfortunately there is no real solution to this problem.


L’accesso ai tuoi file da Microsoft Office tramite WebDAV non funziona.


Problemi noti e le loro soluzioni sono documentati nell’articolo KB2123563.


Cannot map Nextcloud as a WebDAV drive in Windows using a self-signed certificate.


  1. Access to your Nextcloud instance via your favorite Web browser.

  2. Fai clic fino a raggiungere l’errore del certificato nella barra di stato del browser.

  3. View the certificate, then from the Details tab, select “Copy to File”.

  4. Save the file to your desktop with an arbitrary name, for example myNextcloud.pem.

  5. Go to Start menu > Run, type MMC, and click “OK” to open Microsoft Management Console.

  6. Go to File > Add/Remove Snap-In.

  7. Select Certificates, Click “Add”, choose “My User Account”, then “Finish”, and finally “OK”.

  8. Scorri fino a Autorità di certificazione radice attendibili, Certificati.

  9. Right-Click Certificate, Select All Tasks, and Import.

  10. Select the saved certificate from the Desktop.

  11. Select Place all Certificates in the following Store, and click Browse.

  12. Check the Box that says Show Physical Stores, expand out Trusted Root Certification Authorities, select Local Computer there, click “OK”, and Complete the Import.

  13. Check the list to make sure the certificate shows up. You will probably need to Refresh before you see it.

  14. Exit MMC.

For Firefox users:

  1. Launch your browser, go to Application menu > History > Clear recent history…

  2. Select “Everything” in the “Time range to clear” dropdown menu

  3. Select the “Active Logins” check box

  4. Click the “Clear now” button

  5. Close the browser, then re-open and test.

For Chrome-based browsers (Chrome, Chromium, Microsoft Edge) users:

  1. Open Windows Control Panel, navigate down to Internet Options

  2. In the Content tab, click the Clear SSL State button.

  3. Close the browser, then re-open and test.

Accedere ai file usando cURL

Since WebDAV is an extension of HTTP, cURL can be used to script file operations.


SettingsAdministrationSharingAllow users on this server to send shares to other servers. If this option is disabled, the option --header "X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest" needs to be passed to cURL.

Per creare una cartella con la data attuale come nome:

$ curl -u user:pass -X MKCOL "$(date '+%d-%b-%Y')"

Per caricare un file error.log in quella cartella:

$ curl -u user:pass -T error.log "$(date '+%d-%b-%Y')/error.log"

Per spostare un file:

$ curl -u user:pass -X MOVE --header 'Destination:'

Per ottenere le proprietà dei file nella cartella radice:

    $ curl -X PROPFIND -H "Depth: 1" -u user:pass | xml_pp
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<d:multistatus xmlns:d="DAV:" xmlns:oc="" xmlns:s="">
        <d:getlastmodified>Tue, 13 Oct 2015 17:07:45 GMT</d:getlastmodified>
      <d:status>HTTP/1.1 200 OK</d:status>
        <d:getlastmodified>Tue, 13 Oct 2015 17:07:35 GMT</d:getlastmodified>
      <d:status>HTTP/1.1 200 OK</d:status>

Accessing files using WinSCP

WinSCP is an open source free SFTP, FTP, WebDAV, S3, and SCP client for Windows. Its main function is file transfer between a local and a remote computer. Beyond this, WinSCP offers scripting and basic file management functionality.

You can download the portable version of WinSCP and run it on Linux through Wine.

To run WinSCP on Linux, download wine through your distribution’s package manager, then run it with the command: wine WinSCP.exe.

To connect to Nextcloud:

  • Start WinSCP

  • Press “Session” in the menu

  • Press the “New Session” menu option

  • Set the “File protocol” dropdown to WebDAV

  • Set the “Encryption” dropdown to TLS/SSL Implicit encryption

  • Fill in the hostname field:

  • Fill in the username field: NEXTCLOUDUSERNAME

  • Fill in the password field: NEXTCLOUDPASSWORD

  • Press the “Advanced…” button

  • Navigate to “Environment”, “Directories” on the left side

  • Fill in the “Remote directory” field with the following: /nextcloud/remote.php/dav/files/NEXTCLOUDUSERNAME/

  • Press the “OK” button

  • Press the “Save” button

  • Select the desired options and press the “OK” button

  • Press the “Login” button to connect to Nextcloud


It is recommended to use an app password for the password if you use TOTP as WinSCP does not understand TOTP with Nextcloud at the time of writing (2022-11-07).